The most pressing theme of the Potsdam meeting was the fate of post-war Germany. The Soviets wanted a united Germany, but they also insisted that Germany be completely disarmed. Truman, along with a growing number of American officials, had a deep distrust of Soviet intentions in Europe. The massive Soviet army already occupied much of Eastern Europe. A strong Germany could be the only obstacle to Soviet domination over all of Europe. In the end, the Big Three agreed to divide Germany into three zones of occupation (one for each nation) and postpone discussions on German reunification to a later date. The other remarkable subject in Potsdam was almost unspoken. When he came to the conference, Truman was informed that the United States had successfully tested the first atomic bomb. Hoping to use the weapon as a lever for the Soviets in the post-war world, Truman Stalin incidentally mentioned that America was now in possession of a weapon of monstrous destructive violence. The president was disappointed when the Soviet head of state simply replied that he hoped the United States would use it to quickly end the war with Japan. The Potsdam conference ended on a bleak note.
By the end, Truman had become even more convinced that he had to pursue a harsh policy towards the Soviets. Stalin was more convinced that the United States and Great Britain had conspired against the Soviet Union. As for Churchill, he was not present at the closing ceremony. His party lost in the English election and was replaced in the middle of the conference by new Prime Minister Clement Attlee. Potsdam was the last post-war conference of the Big Three. What is the agreement reached at the Potsdam conference? The main objective of the Potsdam conference was to put an end to the post-war period and to put into practice all that had been agreed in Yalta. While the Yalta meeting was rather friendly, the Potsdam conference was marked by differences of opinion that were the result of some important changes since the Yalta conference. Despite many disagreements, Allied leaders managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam.https://wikifama.com/what-agreement-was-reached-at-the-potsdam-conference-answers-com/